Canine Breeding Services

Dr. Adele Mays and Dr. Kristi Lively have a special interest in canine reproduction. They have advanced training and extensive experience in assisting breeders with reproductive issues. Their enthusiasm for this aspect of veterinary care is a benefit to patients and pet owners.

In addition to our experience, Village Veterinary Medical Center is an International Canine Semen Banks (ICSB) franchise. As such, we utilize the technologies developed by Prof. Carrol Platz of ICSB in Oregon.


Canine Breeding & Reproductive Services

Village Veterinary Medical Center currently offers the following canine reproductive services:

Canine Reproduction

  • Comprehensive pre-breeding examination
  • Ovulation timing
  • Same day progesterone results, Monday through Friday
  • Vaginal cultures
  • Vaginal cytology
  • Semen collection and evaluation
  • Artificial inseminations: Vaginal AI, transcervical AI, and surgical AI
  • Cesarean deliveries
  • Semen cryopreservation and storage
  • Infertility evaluations

Further testing and services for reproduction patients include brucellosis testing, OFA evaluations, leptospirosis testing, thyroid management, eye certifications (CERFs), immunization three-year protocols, and parasite evaluation and prevention.

In addition, Village Veterinary Medical Center is certified by the University of Pennsylvania PennHIP program. When PennHIP evaluations are incorporated into a breeding management program, you can significantly reduce offspring joint laxity and the resulting risk for hip dysplasia in predisposed breeds such as German shepherds and golden retrievers. PennHIP is the gold standard for predicting a dog’s chance of developing osteoarthritis of the hip joints. Learn more about our OFA/PennHIP evaluations.


Artificial Inseminations

Artificial inseminations may be performed by different techniques, fine-tuned to maximize your breeding success depending upon the type of semen being used, the bitch’s timing and age, and the value of the semen being used. Fresh semen can survive for three to seven days in the vaginal vault. Chilled shipped semen may survive approximately three days. Frozen semen only survives for about 12 hours once thawed.

Vaginal artificial inseminations

Vaginal artificial inseminations may be performed in the standing bitch once she ovulates. Ovulation takes place typically about 5ng/dl. For fresh side-by-side insemination, or when using chilled shipped semen, vaginal AI may be appropriate. Begin AIs once the bitch ovulates, and then every other day for three to four more breedings, if possible.

Transcervical inseminations

Transcervical inseminations may be performed in the standing bitch, typically without sedation. TCI can be utilized with fresh, chilled shipped, or frozen semen. Best results are seen with fresh or chilled shipped semen. TCI utilizes a scope to pass a catheter through the cervix and deposit the semen into the uterine lumen. The timing of TCI depends upon the type of semen being used. TCI may be combined with other types of insemination to maximize coverage during the fertile period.

Surgical insemination

Surgical insemination is typically only recommended for use with frozen semen, highly valuable semen, or when fertility issues have been a problem. This is an invasive surgical procedure so it has risks not associated with other insemination techniques. If frozen semen is being used, a surgical AI is typically performed about 72 hours after ovulation. Ideally the progesterone levels during this time are between 15–25ng/dl. Surgical insemination may be combined with other breeding techniques, such as TCI before the surgical procedure is done; however, repeat surgical inseminations are not performed during the same cycle.

About ICSB and Dr. Platz

The founder of ICSB, Professor Platz has more than 35 years of research at the University of Oregon Medical School, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas A&M University, and the ICSB laboratory. ICSB has produced thousands of puppies using fresh frozen canine semen and was first in producing litters registered by the AKC, The American Field Dog Association, and the National Greyhound Association. The ICSB team assisted in developing the guidelines used by these organizations for registering litters produced from frozen semen. ICSB has produced litters from frozen semen that was stored for 38 years prior to thawing and insemination.

Under the direction of Professor Platz, this research continues and provides the dog breeder with the most successful program available using fresh, fresh chilled, and frozen canine semen and artificial insemination using non-surgical and surgical procedures. For more information about his research visit the ICSB website.

Pet Breeding Services for Professionals

The professional team at Village Veterinary Medical Center offers skill and experience in providing reproductive services to meet the needs of area breeders. Our canine reproductive services are meant for the passionate, committed breeder. These people are typically experts in their field, participating in agility, show, and other working events specializing in maximizing the strengths and health of their breed of interest.

We strongly recommend spaying and neutering your pet. We also strongly recommend adopting your next pet from local area shelters or area rescue groups. Please visit our adoptions page for more information about pets available in our area. We do not recommend pet stores as a source for your next canine companion.

Contact our veterinarians to discuss your need for veterinary reproductive services or for help in finding the right pet for you.


Breeder Forms

Simply download and print the following breeding forms, to complete in the comfort of your home:

ICSB Forms


AKC Registration Forms



“The entire staff truly cares about the health and quality of life of their client’s pets... and the awareness of the feelings of the pet owner. In this day of awful or non-existent “customer service,” this Clinic proves daily that care and compassion can come naturally. One could not ask for more... ”

—Judy, Vonore, TN

“From the greeting you receive opening the double doors into the bright airy reception, to the detailed, kind compassionate care given to every animal and their humans, you will feel as if you have come home to your pet’s family.”

—Linda Willard

“The caliber of the medical staff is exceptional. Even going beyond the education and the experience of the staff is their philosophy of superior patient care. The staff treats our pets as they would their own.”

—Gerry Wright

“I have complete confidence in the judgment of the veterinarians. They have gotten to know me and my feelings are considered when treatment options are presented with the final decision being mine.”

—Nancy Tennison